A VPS is a virtual private server, which means it’s a computer that you rent from a provider and then use as if it were your own. You can install any software on it and configure it however you want, but there are some limitations compared to running your own dedicated server at home or in an office building. For example, most VPS providers don’t allow SSH access by default because they want to protect their customers from themselves! However, this guide will show you how easy it is to get around this limitation so that even beginners can host websites on their own VPSes without any prior experience with Linux or web development languages like PHP or Python.
Choosing a VPS
When deciding which VPS to choose, there are a few things you should keep in mind. You’ll want to look for a provider that offers:
- Affordable pricing plans. There are many hosting providers out there who offer very affordable prices, so be sure to compare the different options and find one that fits your needs and budget.
- Reliability and power. If you plan on running any kind of business from your website or blog, you want it to be reliable and fast—otherwise customers won’t come back! Make sure the VPS you choose is fast enough for what you need as well as reliable enough not to crash at inconvenient times (like when someone decides they just have got to order something).
- Good customer service/technical support/uptime guarantees from the provider itself or third parties such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) or Linode. These companies provide great services with great uptime guarantees so that if something does happen like an outage due directly because of them then their customers will get compensated accordingly by either having their service fees waived during downtime or being reimbursed financially depending on how long they were down whether it’s only 30 minutes over several days straight up front money back guarantee type situations similar things like this where they provide different types of compensation packages depending upon certain criteria such as location type etc., these kind s can often mean getting additional benefits like free products shipping discounts too.–
Installing CentOS 7
- Sign up for a VPS with a provider like Digital Ocean or Vultr and choose the CentOS 7 plan.
- Log in to the server using SSH, then install the necessary software using yum:
yum -y update && yum -y install perl curl bind-utils openssl-devel httpd git gcc cURL MySQL-server mariadb mariadb-server php php-pear phpmyadmin MariaDB phpldapadmin libxml2 libxml2-devel ImageMagick ghostscript gzip libicu curl jpeg lcms libmcrypt mhash pcre tcl bison pkgconfig bc python python-setuptools make automake autoconf autotools xz zlib e2fsprogs ncurses readline sqlite3 nmap wget xinetd zip unzip rpm rpm-build redhat-lsb traceroute netstat ncftp snmpdf sed sysstat strerror chkconfig openssl ipset firewalld iptables ip6tables iptables-persistent hostname dnsmasq cd /etc/rc.d/init.d; ln -s ../init.d/firewalld /etc/rcS.d/S99firewall; cd /etc/sysconfig; ln -s ../.bashrc .profile
Setting up SSH access
Setting up SSH access is a vital step to managing your server. It gives you the ability to copy files, manage permissions and run commands remotely.
It also gives you a way to connect to your server from another computer.
Securing your server with a firewall
A firewall is a system that prevents unauthorized users from accessing your server. Your server has its own IP address, but it can also be accessed by other computers on the internet. A firewall allows you to control who has access and what they can do once they’re connected.
Here are some tips for installing and configuring your firewall:
- Install a firewall as soon as possible after you’ve set up your VPS. You can use the built-in software in CentOS 7, or install a third-party program like Firewalld, IPTables or UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall). If none of these are available, you may need to look into using another operating system such as Debian or Ubuntu server instead of CentOS 7 (although it’s usually easiest to stick with CentOS).
- Configure an outbound port so that traffic from this port will be allowed through any existing firewalls without having to worry about whether or not it matches an active rule set elsewhere on those networks; especially if other people have access to any ports which could leave them vulnerable if their network security isn’t strong enough yet!
Getting to know your server’s environment variables
The env command allows you to list the environment variables that have been set by your server’s operating system. You can also use it to set or remove them:
Creating a MySQL database and user
Once you create your MySQL database, you will need to create a user named “mysql” that has full database privileges. To do this, open up the MySQL shell and run:
CREATE USER ‘mysql’@’localhost’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON databasename.* TO ‘mysql’@’localhost’;
It’s not as hard as it looks!
You have probably seen many tutorials on how to host a website on a virtual private server. This is not one of them.
This post is intended for people who already know the basics:
- What a VPS means
- How to log in remotely (SSH) and manage files (SFTP)
I will focus on some tips that I have picked up over time and share some resources that helped me get started.
That’s it! With some patience and a little bit of elbow grease, you can set up your very own virtual private server. If you follow these steps and create a backup at each step along the way, you’ll be in great shape when something comes up down the road. And who knows? Maybe someday soon, your VPS will grow into something even bigger—like an internet empire!