A tiger’s habitat is dependent on two basic factors. Firstly, it should provide good cover for stalking, and secondly, it should have a good abundance of prey. Due to this, the tigers’ domain covers almost every corner of India. It is found in the lower Himalayan mountainous regions of the northern states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Although not as easy to sight due to the dense forests or the northeastern region, it’s presence can definitely be felt from the alarmed calls of the rest of the animals.
Tiger habitat is primarily dependant on two factors – abundance of prey and good cover for stalking
The plains of the central region is where it is flourishing (by present standards) the most. It can be found in almost all of the numerous wildlife reserves in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The desert state of Rajasthan in the west also boasts of some excellent reserves such as Ranthambore, which are famous for their tiger populations. In the south, the tiger’s populations is widespread in the evergreen forests there, which stretch across various states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In the eastern state of West Bengal, they thrive among the mangrove swamps of the Sunderban National Park. In this park they have adapted to a habitat mainly consisting of mangroves distributed over numerous islands separated by saline water.
The tiger has shown its ability to adapt to various habitats. The main problem it faces is the disappearance of land in general, which is not being overrun by man.
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